Causes of Summer Learning Loss: Why Childern From Low-Income Communites Fall Behind During Summer Breaks

  • During summer breaks, children from low-income homes fall behind their peers in more affluent communities in reading and other academic skills

  • These children can lose 2.5 to 3 years by 5th grade because they lack rich summer learning experiences afforded children in more affluent communities

  • Researchers estimate that about two-thirds of the ninth-grade academic achievement gap can be explained by what happens over the summer during the elementary school years (Alexander, Entwisle, & Olson, 2007)

The Repairs Ensuring That Children Do Not Fall Behind During School Breaks

  • Sponsoring end-of-year Summer Reading Booths to provide students with free new and gently-used summer reading materials

  • Implementing Summer Readers Future Leaders, a five-week research-based summer learning program, on multiple sites

  • Creating free summer learning opportunities for parents and children at local museums and regional campgrounds

  • Providing before- and after-school tutoring to struggling readers and special enrichment experiences in science, arts, and sports on weekly minimum days.

  • Offering summer learning experiences in preparing oral history videos with the San Diego History Center